Sewage Water Recycling & Treatment
Sewage water recycling & treatment has never been easier. And not just sewage treatment. The SOG trickling filter can also purify biodegradable industrial effluents.
SOG trickling is a South African innovation, developed to suit the needs and budgets of any serious environmentalist. Not so long ago, our Director General of Water Affairs made a plea to Sanitation Engineers: “Please make sewage treatment easy.”
The SOG trickling filter is a waste water treatment process that has evolved from the need to treat small and sporadic amounts of domestic sewage. Unlike most conventional sewage treatment plants, the SOG filter makes use of earthworms, fungus and bacteria to treat sewage. By spreading the type of organism activity, a larger range of variable flow and load is possible.
The SOG Trickling Filter™ evolved from experience obtained in bioremediation and includes filtration, biological components, and mechanical/chemical processes.
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At HWT, sewage treatment plants of all types are designed, constructed and operated. The treatment plants are constructed in concrete, in containers and in custom made tanks – choice of material is always a function of suitability and efficiency. Some are mini sewage treatment plants, some are package treatment plants and some are fully fledged biological sewage treatment plants on a Municipal scale.
For sewage treatment plant design, there are multiple biological methods available to the design engineer. In broad brush strokes, biological sewage treatment can be engineered in a liquid or wet environment. The liquid environment includes all variations of the activated sludge process. A wet environment is one such as found in a french drain or a trickling SOG filter.
At HWT, we strive to make our sewage treatment plants unobtrusive, quiet and maintenance free.
Our treatment plants vary in complexity and are designed to make use of the most suitable technology for the application. For example we are frequently approached to provide a solution for the treatment of Theewaterskloof water. The Theewaterskloof dam supplies water to much of Cape Town and the surrounding farm lands. This water is a mixture of river and spring water. It has varying turbidity, pH and iron content.
For a Municipal size installation flocculation is a viable solution. However for smaller applications such as a wine cellar or restaurant, alternative technologies are more appropriate. Although flocculation works well, the addition of flocculant has to be monitored extremely carefully. Because of the high operator costs, this is not always the best option.
Treatment plants can be skid mounted or fabricated within a shipping container.
From our experience, removal of the waste water organic load is the most capital intensive. pH neutralization is relatively inexpensive and reduction of conductivity is best achieved by judicious use of chemicals in the cellar. Best possible cellar management can only partially reduce organic discharge.
Each year we make small improvements in our treatment process and, in so doing, fine tune what nature does best. Our first treatment plants were constructed in 1998 and, in the next pressing season, our treatment plants will process more than 3 million litres of water each day.
Treated wine cellar effluent quality is determined by the DWS General, Special or Irrigation Limits. In general, treated winery effluent does not readily comply with the Special Limit with only biological treatment. When there are dissolved compounds in the treated effluent that take too long for biodegradation, it has been found that chemical flocculation and precipitation provide a viable solution.
Industrial effluent has generally been regarded as an unimportant and troublesome by-product of a manufacturing process. In a few cases, industrial effluents contain useful resources that can be viably recovered. In South Africa, industrial effluent discharge is ultimately regulated by the Department of Water Affairs and Sanitation (DWS).
If an industry is located within a Municipal boundary, the industrial effluent will most likely find it’s way to the Municipal sewage treatment plant. Treated waters discharged from all sewage plants in South Africa are regulated by standards enforced by DWS.
The HWT containerized water treatment plant is constructed in the container itself. The container is modified to perform the function of control room and water tank. By linking containers together, treatment plant capacity can be adjusted according to demand. Two products are on offer; sewage treatment and potable water treatment.
Treatment plants supplied in modified shipping containers offer numerous advantages such as:
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Postnet Suite 397, Private bag X15, Somerset West 7129
Dave: +27 82 551 1305
Accounts: +27 82 446 3301
Operations: +27 82 304 0338